The real executive power remains with chief minister and its cabinet. The chief minister and its cabinet is formed by the majority of MLAs. The MLAs are elected by the people. Nitish Kumar is the current chief minister of Bihar. Sushil Kumar Modi is deputy chief minister of Bihar.
The head of the bureaucracy of the State is the Chief Secretary. Under this position, there is a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and different wings of the State Civil Services.
The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 1916. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Patna.